Ethiopia, a land with a stunning natural beauty, witch is incredibly rich in culture and history. A land that everybody should have seen once.
There are two seasons of climate. The dry season prevails from October through May and the wet season runs from June to September. The temperature depends on were you are in Ethiopia. The highlands in the north are much cooler than the lowlands in the south.
The natural beauty of Ethiopia amazes everyone. The country has rugged mountains, savannay, rivers (of witch The Blue Nile) and lakes. The rift valley has volcanic lakes and there is a famous collection of bird life in this country. With 14 wildlife reserves there is a lot of wild life to find in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar, witch consists of twelve months of 30 days, ending with a thirteenth month of five or six days. That's the reason they call Ethiopia also: The land of 13 months of sunshine. Following this Julian calendar means that Ethiopia is eight years behind the calendar (Gregorian) that the rest of the world lives by. They also have another time system because they follow the 12-hour clock. The first cycle starts with 'one' at 7 A.M. and goes on to 'twelve' at 6 P.M. The second cycle starts at 7 P.M. with 'one' and goes on to 6 A.M. at 'twelve'.
Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with a big variety of languages spoken in the country, of which there are 84 with 200 dialects. The main three languages are Amharic (the national language of the country), Tigrigna and Oromigna. English is also widely spoken.
Health: visitors are recommended to have vaccines. In the south there is malaria and dengue fever. You take malariatablets and muskitospray. Visitors are advised to drink bottled water. Please ask your local health agency witch vaccines and medicine are required.
Traveling in Ethiopia requies a VISA witch can be arranged at the Ethiopian Ambassy in your own country.
A visa (only touristvisa) can be arranged at the airport of Addis Ababa by arraival for people from the following countries:
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Check Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea Republic, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovakia, South Afrika, North Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switserland, United Kingdom and United States of America.
More information you can get at the Ethiopian Embassy in your own country. It is your own responsibility to ensure that you have the correct and valid documentation for traveling.
The roads are mostly dry-weather roads or gravel witch makes especially traveling in the south a dusty job. Sometimes we have to drive at places were there are no clear roads. The rest is asphalt roads. In the north the historical route is totally in asphalt.
The local currency is the Ethiopian Birr, made up of 100 cents. Visitors may import an unlimited amount of foreign currency, providing declaration of such currency is made to Customs on arrival. Foreign currency may only be changed at authorised banks and hotels. They currency declaration forms must be reained as this will be requiered by Customs on departure. Visitors can change back any excess Ethiopian Birr to foreign currency at the airport before departure.