It is the main ancient place since 1520 of the region and the most famous city of East Afrika. It lays at a height of 1870 metres above sea level. It was once a Muslim fortress and one of the most dynamic markets in east Africa and has been a place of pilgrimage from all over the world for many years.
In the beginning Harar was no member of the country, but un independent citystate. The middle of the area between the Ethiopian highlands and the Red Sea. Somalian, Oromo, Arabic and Turkeys lived here together. It is recognized as the fourth Muslim sacred place (next to Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem).
The poet Rimbaud spent some of his last years in the 19th century here and made it the headquarters for his arms dealing, which involved trading in arms, destined for the emperor Menelik. There is a museum in his honour. His house is one of the most preserved in this town.
The old citty is surround by a citywall. You find 3360 small streets and ally's, as much as like there are days in the year according to the Harari. Also you find around 100 mosques and various sanctuaries, numerous shops and lots of business within the old citywalls, well known for its superb handicrafts that include woven textiles, basketwork, silverware and handsomely bound books.
Harar possesses a 16th-century wall built by the Adare to protect themselves from the aggression of the surrounding tribes. Within the walls that have encircled the city for well over 400 years, modern citizens have their own language, customs and crafts. The whole city, with its ancient winding streets and tall balconied houses, provides a fascinating insight into Ethiopias centuries-old Islamic roots.
An other attraction is the hyena man's. He gives a live show in the evening of feeding the wild hyenas from mouth to mouth. It is it's special claim to fame. If you want, you can sit next to the man and make a picture (if you dare sit down there)!
House styles and interior decorations are unique to this place. Every house has almost the same inside partitions and all are colorfully decorated with traditional utensils. With its more than 40 mosques, Harar is home to the friendliest people in this country.