PALACE OF THE QUEEN OF SHEEBA

There is not much left of the palice of the Queen of Sheeba. You can see here how they built the complex on kind of a stage. You can see were the walls has been. At different points you can see how ingenious the water systems works.
YEHA
Yeha is situated in the northern mountainous section of the Tigray region. Although now this small settlement survives as a shanty town, it was once a site of great pre-Axumite civilization.
Believed to be Ethiopias first capital, Yeha was first uncovered in a complex archeological excavation around a courtyard at the beginning of the 20 th century. The first settlers of this area, the Sabeans, were the founders of the Axumite kingdom.

The ruins of this large, pre-Christian temple, erected around the fifth century BC, consist of a single roofless oblong chamber twenty m long by fifteen metres wide. The windowless ten m high walls are built of smoothly polished stones, some of them more than three m long, carefully placed one atop the other without the use of mortar.



AXUM
Axum is the capital of one of the most glorious empires of the past in Ethiopia, is one of the most illustrious links in the Historic Route of Ethiopia. The Axumite Empire flourished 3,000 years ago. Its riches can still be pictured as you gaze on the magnificent stelae or obelisks, the graves of King Kaleb and King Gebre Meskal, and the legendary Bath of the Queen of Sheba.

It was the capital city of the longstanding Axumite kingdom of Ethiopia, one of the most ancient African kingdoms, and represented a vital crossroads between Africa and Asia for almost a thousand years.


It is also the site of the church of Enda Mariam Sion, in front of which kings were crowned even as late as the last century. Inside, there are displays of golden crowns and crosses, which are still used during the major festivals of the Coptic church.
Legend goes that the original Ark of the Covenant is housed in a chapel near the church. The Ark is believed to have been brought back by the Queen of Sheba by her return from Jerusalem.
The most famous monuments stand as testimony to an exceptionally high level of civilisation, the monoliths, that wrongly were assumed to be Egyptian obeliscs. They are called among the most mysterious monuments in the world.
In that time people could not amagine that Africans on their own power could make such big things. The steles are marking the graves of important people. In and around Aksum are around 100 saved. The steles are made of trachiet and imitating in their decoration houses of more floors. Probably they are ment to be the houses of dead people, living places for the sole of the one that died.
In the first century Aksum was founded by the brothers Abreha and Atseha; it is not until midway through the fourth  that we have records of the first historical king, Ezana. The later converted to Christianity after the arrival of Ferremnatos (Frumezio), who was sent by the patriarch of Alexandria and who later became the national saint, Abba Salame, Father of Peace.

One thousand years before Christ some tribes originally from southern Arabia settled on this side of the Red Sea; one of these tribes was known as the Habasciat (the possible origin of the name Abyssinia).

The 16th cen tury Cathedral of St Mary of Zion was probably built on an earlier 4th century chur ch, and is the holiest chur ch in Ethiopia. In its sanctuary is said to rest the original Ark of the Covenant.
The churches and monasteries of Aksum house are richly endowed with icons, and some of the historical crowns of ancient emperors.

The longest one still standing steale is 21 metres high. The highest one of 33 metres unfortunately fall down when they tried to get it straight. It fell forward and broke in peaces.
Inside of the museum a lot of ancient articles
and bibles.
Yeha templewall
By 17th century, the king of Facilades built the church of Centimary.
Palace of the Queen of Sheeba
The inside of the walls was believed to been paved with gold. Still they reach a hight of sometimes 12 metres. In front of the cemetary stands a rufly worked grave with an offering place. The temple is for the God of the Moon, Almouqah, the god of the Aksum phantheon.

Immediately beside the temple is a modern church, dedicated to Abune Aftse, one of the Nine Saints from Syria who founded many important monastries in northern Ethiopia in the fifth and sixth centuries. The buildings front facade has been fitted with stones from the original temple, which are decorated with reliefs of ibex with lowered horns.
The church contains many crosses, old manuscripts and stones bearing ancient Sabaean inscriptions, which can be seen on request. Archaeological research at Yeha has unearthed many historical treasures, including a number of Sabaean inscriptions and a variety of animal figurines. Several of these antiquities are on display in the National Museum in Addis Ababa.

Some of these findings are displayed in the 4th- sentury church museum witch was found in the same compound as the temple while other findings are displayed at the National Museum in Addis Ababa. The twelve underground formations and four other very deep cave structures (which seem to lead to Yemen, Lalibela, Jerusalem and Axum), increase the area's importance in terms of both archeological research and tourism.
 
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